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JAIL POPULATION REDUCTION prompted by COVID-19


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he national Stepping Up initiative is a collaboration between the National Association of Counties (NACo), the Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center, and the American Psychiatric Foundation (APF) to help advance counties' efforts to reduce the number of adults with mental and co-occurring substance use disorders in jails.

The initiative engages a diverse group of organizations with expertise on these issues, including those representing sheriffs, jail administrators, judges, community corrections professionals, treatment providers, people with mental illnesses and their families, mental health and substance use program directors, and other stakeholders.

These pages document our commitment in Franklin County, Ohio, to the Stepping Up Initiative.

GOALS UPDATED APRIL 2020 TO REFLECT NEW STRATEGIC PLANNING GOALS FOR 2020-2024.
COVID-19 CHANGES TO PROTOCOLS HAVE GREATLY ACCELERATED MOVEMENT TOWARD OVERALL JAIL POPULATION REDUCTION.

OUR OVERARCHING GOALS ARE TO:

A: Reduce the Average Daily Jail Population by 30% by 2020
2015 - 1952; 2016 - 1925; 2017 - 2001; 2018 - 1987; 2019 - 1916; 2020 (Jan-Mar) 1886; low mark due to COVID-19 - 1350
Reduction since 2015 to low mark-COVID 2020 - 31%

B: Reduce the Average Length of Stay (ALOS) Disparity between Inmates with and without Mental Health Issues by 50% by 2020
2018 - 20d v 75d (3.75x); 2019 - 21d v 57d (2.71x); 2020 (Jan-Mar) - 23d v 62d (2.70x); 2020 (Apr) 32d v 63d (1.97x)
Reduction since 2018 to Apr 2020 - 47% 

DIVERSION, ALTERNATIVES TO ARREST - SIM INTERCEPT POINT 1

Goal: Reduce by 30% the number of arrests for non-violent offenses by 2020.
2014 - 29,381; 2015 - 27,928; 2016 - 24,814; 2017 - 24,871; 2018 - 24,088; 2019 - 21,033
Reduction since 2014 to 2019 - 28%

Goal: Reduce the number of persons with severe mental illness arrested by 10% per year.
2019 - first year of reliable data via NaphCare - total SPMI bookings = 3,048 (11% of total bookings)


 

DEFINITION: Severe Mental Illness: A mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder of an individual age 18 or older (excluding developmental, neurocognitive, and substance use disorders) that is currently diagnosable or has been diagnosed in the past year, of sufficient duration to meet diagnostic criteria specified within the most recent version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and resulting in serious functional impairment which interferes with one or more major life activities. Such disorders would include but not be limited to: Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders; Bipolar disorders; Major depressive disorders of at least moderate severity or with psychotic features; Obsessive-compulsive disorders; Panic disorder; or Post-traumatic stress disorder. These conditions may exist with co-occurring developmental, neurocognitive and/or substance use disorders.

PRE-ARRAIGNMENT SCREENS & PRE-TRIAL ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION - SIM INTERCEPT POINT 2

Goal: Implement 100% non-violent offenders pre-arraignment mental health screening and risk assessment.
All persons booked into the jails undergo brief jail mental health screening, medical screening, and screening for opiate and alcohol withdrawal risk. Pre-trial services currently screens selected arrestees and provides ORAS-PAT results to arraignment judges. 

REHABILITATION AND RESTORATION SERVICES WHILE INCARCERATED - SIM INTERCEPT POINT 3

Goal: Implement pre-release skills and needs assessment for 100% of inmates.
This is an area of targeted focus for 2020-2024. Increasing peer supports, discharge planning, and connections to services upon release, specifically in areas of mental health, substance use disorder, and unstable housing is a top priority.

REENTRY AND COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS - SIM INTERCEPT POINTS 4 & 5

Goal: Reduce return to jail rate in Franklin County jails by 50%. 
NaphCare and Franklin County Sheriff's staff are currently working to create automatic reporting for 1- and 3-year return to jail rates.
Currently no baseline data are available. This is a priority for 2020-2022.
 

DEFINITIONS:
RECIDIVISM is any conviction for a jailable offense, when the offense occurs within [X timeframe] of conviction, release from a prison or jail sentence imposed for a conviction, or release from community control or post-release control, whichever is the later date.
RETURN TO JAIL is any return to incarceration, including re-arrest, violation of probation or parole, or order-in for failure to appear within [X timeframe] of an original jailable offense.